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Product details

Synonyms = BLCPMG; Occludin; OCLN; Phosphatase 1 regulatory subunit 115; PPP1R115; PTORCH1; Tight junction protein occludin

Antibody type = Mouse monoclonal / IgG

Clone = MSVA-415M

Positive controlColon: A strong membranous occludin staining of epithelial cells should be seen with a particularly strong staining at the apical/luminal membranes.

Negative controlColon: All non-epithelial and non-endothelial cells must not show any occludin staining.

Cellular localization = Cell Surface and Cytoplasmic

Reactivity = Human



Application = Immunohistochemistry
Dilution = 1:100 – 1:200
Intended Use = Research Use Only

Relevance of Antibody

Occludin is a Pivotal component of tight junctions.

Biology Behind

Occludin (OCLN) is a 65 kDa plasma-membrane protein coded by the OCLN gene at chromosome 5q13.1. The Occludin protein is preferentially located at the tight junctions of epithelial and endothelial cells. Together with other proteins such as claudins and zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1), occludin regulates the formation, maintenance, and function of tight junctions. In particular, occludin may be important for tight junction stability and barrier function. As a NADH oxidase, occludin influences critical aspects of cell metabolism like glucose uptake, ATP production and gene expression. Manipulation of the occludin content in human cells affects the expression of glucose transporters, and the activation of transcription factors such as NFkB. In cancer, loss of occludin has been linked to increased invasion, reduced adhesion and metastasis. 

Staining Pattern in Normal Tissues

Occludin immunostaining is abundant in epithelial tissues and in endothelial cells.

The ubiquitous occludin immunostaining described above is largely consistent with the RNA and protein data described in the Human Protein Atlas (Tissue expression Occludin).


Positive controlColon: A strong membranous occludin staining of epithelial cells should be seen with a particularly strong staining at the apical/luminal membranes.

Negative controlColon: All non-epithelial and non-endothelial cells must not show any occludin staining.


Normal tissue gallery

Staining Pattern in Relevant Tumor Types

At variable levels, occludin immunostaining occurs in many different tumor entities. However, as compared to normal tissues, occludin expression may often be lower. Reduced expression of occludin in cancer has been linked to poor prognosis in studies.

The TCGA findings on Occludin RNA expression in different tumor categories have been summarized in the Human Protein Atlas.



Cancer tissue gallery

Compatibility of Antibodies

No data available at the moment

Protocol Recommendations

IHC users have different preferences on how the stains should look like. Some prefer high staining intensity of the target stain and even accept some background. Others favor absolute specificity and lighter target stains. Factors that invariably lead to more intense staining include higher concentration of the antibody and visualization tools, longer incubation time, higher temperature during incubation, higher temperature and longer duration of the heat induced epitope retrieval (slide pretreatment). The impact of the pH during slide pretreatment has variable effects and depends on the antibody and the target protein.


All images and data shown here and in our image galleries are obtained by the manual protocol described below. Other protocols resulting in equivalent staining are described as well.


Manual protocol

Freshly cut sections should be used (less than 10 days between cutting and staining). Heat-induced antigen retrieval for 5 minutes in an autoclave at 121°C in pH 7,8 Target Retrieval Solution buffer. Apply MSVA-415M at a dilution of 1:150 at 37°C for 60 minutes. Visualization of bound antibody by the EnVision Kit (Dako, Agilent) according to the manufacturer’s directions.

Potential Research Applications

  • The prognostic impact of occludin expression levels are unclear for many tumor types.
  • Studies comparing occludin expression levels between different tumor entities are lacking.


Evidence for Antibody Specificity in IHC

There are two ways how the specificity of antibodies can be documented for immunohistochemistry on formalin fixed tissues. These are: 1. comparison with a second independent method for target expression measurement across a large number of different tissue types (orthogonal strategy), and 2. Comparison with one or several independent antibodies for the same target and showing that all positive staining results are also seen with other antibodies for the same target (independent antibody strategy). 


Orthogonal validation: Orthogonal validation is not applicable for occludin antibodies because of the ubiquitous expression of the protein in blood vessels and epithelial cells in virtually all organs. The conspicuous absence of MSVA-415M staining seen in adrenal gland, muscle, and bone marrow as well as the low staining in prostate and the adenohypophysis is, however, consistent with data from three independent RNA screening studies, including the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) RNA-seq tissue dataset, the FANTOM5 project, and the Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx) project, which are all summarized in the Human Protein Atlas (Tissue expression Occludin)


Comparison of antibodies: True expression of occludin in all cell types identified as occludin positive by MSVA-415M is corroborated by comparison with a commercially available independent second antibody (termed “validation antibody”). A confirmation of all positive findings obtained by MSVA-415M by the “validation antibody” fully confirms the specificity of MSVA-415M.





Normal tissue gallery