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Product details

Synonyms = Chymotrypsin like elastase family member 3B (CELA3B); ELA3B; Elastase IIIB; Protease E

Antibody type = Recombinant Mouse monoclonal / IgG

Clone = MSVA-410M

Positive controlPancreas: Acinar cells should show a strong CELA3B immunostaining with apical predominance.

Negative control = Kidney: CELA3B staining should be absent in all epithelial cells.

Cellular localization = Cytoplasmic

Reactivity = Human

 

Application = Immunohistochemistry
Dilution = 1:100 – 1:200
Intended Use = Research Use Only

Relevance of Antibody

CELA3B is expressed on acinus cells of the pancreas.

Biology Behind

Chymotrypsin-like elastase family member 3B is a protease with a molecular weight of 29 kDa. The protein is encoded by the CELA3B gene located at human chromosome 1p36.12. Elastases are a subfamily of serine proteases that cleave elastin but also many other proteins. CELA3B and its related elastases (elastase 1, 2, 2A, and 3A) are secreted from the pancreas and support digestion of nutrients in the intestine. CELA3B has also been connected to cholesterol metabolism. Both CELA3A and CELA3B are used as analytes to estimate pancreatic function in feces samples.

Staining Pattern in Normal Tissues

CELA3B staining pattern in Normal Tissues with antibody MSVA-410M (images are shown in our “Normal Tissue Gallery”)

Brain Cerebrum Negative.
  Cerebellum Negative.
Endocrine Tissues Thyroid Negative.
  Parathyroid Negative.
  Adrenal gland Negative.
  Pituitary gland Negative.
Respiratory system Respiratory epithelium Negative.
  Lung Negative.
Gastrointestinal Tract Salivary glands Negative.
  Esophagus Negative.
  Stomach Negative.
  Duodenum Strong CELA3B staining of apical membranes of surface epithelial cells (in most samples).
  Small intestine Strong CELA3B staining of apical membranes of surface epithelial cells (in most samples).
  Appendix Weak CELA3B staining of apical membranes of surface epithelial cells (in few samples).
  Colon Weak to moderate CELA3B staining of apical membranes of surface epithelial cells (in some samples).
  Rectum Weak to moderate CELA3B staining of apical membranes of surface epithelial cells (in some samples).
  Liver Negative.
  Gallbladder Negative.
  Pancreas Strong cytoplasmic CELA3B staining of all acinar cells and a fraction of ductal cells.
Genitourinary Kidney Negative.
  Urothelium Negative.
Male genital Prostate Negative.
  Seminal vesicles Negative.
  Testis Negative.
  Epididymis Negative.
Female genital Breast Negative.
  Uterus, myometrium Negative.
  Uterus, ectocervix Negative.
  Uterus endocervix Negative.
  Uterus, endometrium Negative.
  Fallopian Tube Negative.
  Ovary Negative.
  Placenta early Negative.
  Placenta mature Negative.
  Amnion Negative.
  Chorion Negative.
Skin Epidermis Negative.
  Sebaceous glands Negative.
Muscle/connective tissue Heart muscle Negative.
  Skeletal muscle Negative.
  Smooth muscle Negative.
  Vessel walls Negative.
  Fat Negative.
  Stroma Negative.
  Endothelium Negative.
Bone marrow/ lymphoid tissue Bone marrow Negative.
  Lymph node Negative.
  Spleen Negative.
  Thymus Negative.
  Tonsil Negative.
Remarks  

 

These findings are largely comparable to the RNA and protein data described in the Human Protein Atlas (Tissue expression CELA3B) even though a CELA3B RNA expression in the surface epithelium of the small intestine and the colorectum is not described in the protein atlas. These structures constitute only small subsets of the total amount of cells in their respective organs and may have been underrepresented in RNA analyses. Images provided in the protein atlas suggest, however, that apical membrane staining was also observed in the colon and the small intestine by using the antibody HPA045650.

 

Positive controlPancreas: Acinar cells should show a strong CELA3B immunostaining with apical predominance.

Negative control = Kidney: CELA3B staining should be absent in epithelial cells.

 

Normal tissue gallery

Staining Pattern in Relevant Tumor Types

CELA3B is expressed in the majority of acinar cell carcinomas of the pancreas. A lower level of CELA3B expression may rarely be seen in several other tumor entities.

The TCGA findings on CELA3B RNA expression in different tumor categories have been summarized in the Human Protein Atlas.

 

 

Cancer tissue gallery

Compatibility of Antibodies

No data available at the moment

Protocol Recommendations

IHC users have different preferences on how the stains should look like. Some prefer high staining intensity of the target stain and even accept some background. Others favor absolute specificity and lighter target stains. Factors that invariably lead to more intense staining include higher concentration of the antibody and visualization tools, longer incubation time, higher temperature during incubation, higher temperature and longer duration of the heat induced epitope retrieval (slide pretreatment). The impact of the pH during slide pretreatment has variable effects and depends on the antibody and the target protein.

 

All images and data shown here are obtained by the manual protocol described below. Other protocols resulting in equivalent staining are described as well.

 

Manual protocol

Freshly cut sections should be used (less than 10 days between cutting and staining). Heat-induced antigen retrieval for 5 minutes in an autoclave at 121°C in pH 7,8 Target Retrieval Solution buffer. Apply MSVA-410M at a dilution of 1:150 at 37°C for 60 minutes. Visualization of bound antibody by the EnVision Kit (Dako, Agilent) according to the manufacturer’s directions.

 

 

 

Agilent / Dako – Autostainer Link 48

Pretreatment in PT-Link for 30 minutes at 95°C (pH high); FLEX peroxidase blocking for 5 minutes (room temperature), MSVA-410M 1:150 for 20 minutes (room temperature), FLEX+ mouse/rabbit (LINKER) for 15 minutes (room temperature), horseradish peroxidase (HRP) for 20 minutes (room temperature), FLEX DAB+Sub-Chromo for 10 minutes (room temperature), FLEX hematoxylin for 5 minutes (room temperature).

These images reflect stainings by the protocol described above. It is of note that a comparable staining result can also be obtained by different protocols. In general, a longer pretreatment, a longer incubation time of the primary antibody, a higher antibody concentration, and a longer incubation time of FLEX+LINKER result in stronger staining, potentially at the cost of more background staining. Modifications of the protocol with a strengthening effect on staining intensity in combination with changes of other parameters that result in lower staining intensity can result in a comparable result as shown above.

 

Leica – BOND RX

Dewax at 72°C for 30 seconds; Pretreatment in Bond Epitope Retrieval Solution (ER2 – EDTA pH9) for 20 minutes at 100°C; Peroxidase blocking for 5 minutes (room temperature), MSVA-410M 1:150 for 15 minutes (room temperature), Post primary (rabbit anti mouse) for 8 minutes (room temperature), Polymer (goat anti rabbit) for 8 minutes (room temperature), mixed DAB refine for 10 minutes (room temperature), hematoxylin for 5 minutes (room temperature).

These images reflect stainings by the protocol described above. It is of note that a comparable staining result can also be obtained by different protocols. In general, a longer pretreatment, a longer incubation time of the primary antibody, a higher antibody concentration, a higher temperature during incubation, and a longer incubation time of Post primary and or the Polymer result in stronger staining, potentially at the cost of more background staining. Modifications of the protocol with a strengthening effect on staining intensity in combination with changes of other parameters that result in lower staining intensity can result in a comparable result as shown above.

 

 

Roche – Ventana Discovery ULTRA

Pretreatment for 64 minutes at 100°C (pH 8,4); CM peroxidase blocking for 12 minutes (room temperature), MSVA-410M 1:150 for 20 minutes at 36°C, secondary antibody (anti-mouse HQ) for 12 minutes at 36°C, anti-HQ HRP for 12 minutes at room temperature, DAB at room temperature, hematoxylin II at room temperature for 8 minutes, bluing reagent at room temperature for 4 minutes.

 

These images depict staining results obtained by the protocol described above. It is of note, that the Ventana machines generally require higher antibody concentrations than other commonly used autostainers because the antibodies are automatically diluted during the procedure. Various other protocols can result in an identical result as shown above. A longer pretreatment, a longer incubation time of the primary antibody, a higher antibody concentration, a higher temperature during incubation, and a longer incubation time of secondary antibody and or the anti-HQ HRP result in stronger staining, potentially at the cost of more background staining.

Potential Research Applications

  • The diagnostic utility of CELA3B immunohistochemistry for the distinction of pancreatic acinar cell carcinomas from other pancreatic and extra-pancreatic neoplasms should be investigated.
  • The function of CELA3B is largely unknown and needs to be investigated.
  • The prevalence of CELA3b expression is unknown for most tumor entities

Evidence for Antibody Specificity in IHC

There are two ways, how the specificity of antibodies can be documented for immunohistochemistry on formalin fixed tissues. These are: 1. comparison with a second independent method for target expression measurement across a large number of different tissue types (orthogonal strategy), and 2. Comparison with one or several independent antibodies for the same target and showing that all positive staining results are also seen with other antibodies for the same target (independent antibody strategy). 

 

Orthogonal validation: For the antibody MSVA-410M specificity is documented by the strong concordance of the immunostaining with RNA expression data derived from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) RNA-seq tissue dataset, the FANTOM5 project, and the Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx) project which are all summarized in the Human Protein Atlas (Tissue expression CELA3B) Immunostaining by using MSVA-410M was predominantly detected in the pancreas which was the only organ with documented RNA expression. In addition, a  positive immunostaining was also found in the surface epithelium of the small intestine and the colorectum. These structures constitute small subsets of the total amount of cells in these organs and may have been largely underrepresented in RNA analyses. 

 

Comparison of antibodies: True expression of CELA3B in surface epithelium of the small intestine and the colorectum is suggested by the finding of an identical staining pattern by the unrelated antibody HPA045650 shown in the human protein atlas. Images depicted there also show a weak apical membranous staining in the colon and the small intestine 

 

Moreover, no staining was seen in tissues notorious for non-specific IHC background such as kidney, colonic mucosa, and epidermis. 

 

 

Normal tissue gallery